Introduction of AGV Here is what you want to know   2020-08-23


Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs) have been around in factories as soon as the 1950s, where a “driverless vehicle” created by Barrett Electronic devices, in Illinois, could follow the electromagnetic field of a cable found in the factory ceiling or, down the road, embedded in the floor.

AGV

However, because of the acquisition of AGV maker Kiva Systems simply by Amazon in 2012 and Amazon’s decision to stop sales and use Kiva robots exclusively to boost their logistics, there’s been a surge of interest for professional AGVs. According to a 2017 article from a Loup Ventures analyst, the AGV market could be by 2025 “among the fastest-growing sub-market segments within the entire robotics space”, with a Compound Annual Growth Rate of 35% for the 2015-2025 decade.

Kiva AGVs move shelves of the item in an Amazon fulfillment center
In this article, we will have what drives companies to use AGVs in their facilities, what must be considered whenever choosing an AGV System (involving a fleet of AGVs), and finally what exactly are the impacts regarding IT systems.

Why Use AGVs?
Today, industrial AGVs are mainly utilized for material handling within a good warehouse or factory or sometimes outdoors. Some typical usages consist of:

Transporting received components to storage areas
Supporting kitting businesses and just-in-time deliveries
Delivering work-in-progress parts to developing production lines
Transporting finished items to shipping areas
So transportation may be the key function. Regardless of new advances in computer vision, object recognition, and robot grasping techniques, humans remain usually needed to pick and place individual parts, while pallets are usually transported by AGVs.

An AGV System might bring different benefits the following.

Forklifts are regarded as dangerous!
Safety

According to a 2016 regulatory notice via the Occupational Health insurance and Safety Administration (OSHA), forklift accidents result in approximately 85 fatalities and 34,900 serious injuries yearly in the United States. When truck supplier Scania considered employing AGVs for materials handling in their production areas, a key objective was to greatly help gain a forklift-free creation, since forklifts were thought to be “probably the most dangerous work apparatus at Scania”[2].

Forklift AGVs are actually the most frequent type of AGVs and appearance pretty much wants regular forklifts. Some models likewise have space for humans, permitting them to steer the AGV manually when wanted. Like all AGVs, they involve sensors that make sure that the vehicle slows down or stops when encountering a human or an obstacle. They work at a managed, limited speed, accelerate smoothly, and have predictable behavior, thereby limiting accidents[3].

Damage Reduction

Forklift drivers may be distracted, tired, or simply have a good bad day. Due to this fact, they may damage goods or hit apparatus and structures. AGVs of training are extra reliable and will work 24 hours per day. Following the introduction of AGVs, Valio, a Finnish maker of milk products, has been able to reduce harm to vehicles, inventory, and site by 90% in one of its cheese factories.

Cost Reduction and Better Operations

From a Lean Manufacturing perspective, AGVs reduce transportation time, which is a non-value added amount of time in manufacturing operations.

If AGVs replace preset automation systems such as for example conveyors, they can reduce costs because of quicker implementation, staged investment, and additional flexibility.

If AGVs replace or relocate employees, they are able to allow to lessen labor costs and raise productivity. After automating transport routes using a mixture of conveyors and AGVs, AMAG Automobil, an automobile importer, and dealer, has optimized its creation throughput time by 20 to 30%.

An AGV System as well leads to a more regular flow of materials, with clean shop floor surfaces making the room for AGV navigation paths. It can also bring increased inventory accuracy if correctly connected to a Warehouse Control System.

Summary
In this article, we’ve addressed several great things about AGVs including safety and expense reductions.